SECTION 5: Resources

This section includes a list of acronyms, definitions, and additional resources for grantees using this guidance to understand the requirements in the CDBG-DR Consolidated Notice.



Associated with one project and one Grantee Program in DRGR. Activities contain the most information used by HUD to monitor for compliance with programmatic requirements.

Certification Checklist

A document that incorporates all of the Financial Management and Grant Compliance Certification Requirements described in the Consolidated Notice in section III.A.1.a(1) through (6).

Critical Actions

Any activity for which even a slight chance of flooding would be too great, because such flooding might result in loss of life, injury to persons or damage to property

Disaster Risk Reduction Area

1) the area has been impacted by the hazard that has been caused or exacerbated by the disaster for which the grantee received its CDBG-DR allocation; 2) the hazard identified must be a predictable environmental threat to the safety and well-being of program beneficiaries, including members of protected classes, vulnerable populations, and underserved communities, as evidenced by the best available data (e.g., FEMA Repetitive Loss Data, EPA’s Environmental Justice Screening and Mapping Tool, HHS’s climate change related guidance and data, etc.) And science (such as engineering and structural solutions propounded by FEMA, USACE, other federal agencies, etc.); and 3) the area must be clearly delineated so that HUD and the public may easily determine which properties are located within the designated area.

DRGR Action Plan

A comprehensive description of projects and activities.

Federally Protected Classes

Protected classes under the Fair Housing Act are race, color, national origin, religion, sex—which includes sexual orientation and gender identity—familial status, and disability.

Financial Management and Grant Compliance Certification Requirements

Appropriations acts require that the Secretary certify that the grantee has in place proficient financial controls and procurement processes and has established adequate procedures to prevent any duplication of benefits as defined by section 312 of the Stafford Act, 42 U.S.C. 5155, to ensure timely expenditure of funds, to maintain a comprehensive website regarding all disaster recovery activities assisted with these funds, and to detect and prevent waste, fraud, and abuse of funds; collectively described in the Consolidated Notice in section III.A.1.a(1) through (6)

Grantee Program

A representation of complex programs. Grantee Programs offer a way to group and report cumulative data in illustrative dashboards.

Major Disaster

The President can declare a major disaster for any natural event, including any hurricane, tornado, storm, high water, wind-driven water, tidal wave, tsunami, earthquake, volcanic eruption, landslide, mudslide, snowstorm, or drought, or, regardless of cause, fire, flood, or explosion, that the President determines has caused damage of such severity that it is beyond the combined capabilities of state and local governments to respond. A major disaster declaration provides a wide range of federal assistance programs for individuals and public infrastructure, including funds for both emergency and permanent work.


This method may be used to obtain supplies and services. Micro-purchases can be used to expedite the procurement processes by allowing non-federal entities to obtain necessary supplies without issuing formal procurement solicitations. However, state procurement rules may require the non-federal entity to request quotes for these types of purchases. The non-federal entity is still required to retain all receipts and applicable documentation for accounting purposes.

Mitigation Activities

Activities that increase resilience to disasters and reduce or eliminate the long-term risk of loss of life, injury, damage to and loss of property, and suffering and hardship, by lessening the impact of future disasters


5 units or more

Program Income

As gross income generated from the use of CDBG-DR funds, except as provided in III.E.1.b. Of the Consolidated Notice, and received by a state, local government, Indian tribe receiving funds from a grantee, or their subrecipients


The most common grouping of activities. Projects represent major programs or responsible organizations.

Public Action Plan

The grantee's action plan for disaster recovery that identifies the proposed use of all funds. The Public Action Plan is commonly referred to in the notice as “the action plan” or “action plan for disaster recovery”


A community’s ability to minimize damage and recover quickly from extreme events and changing conditions, including natural hazard risks

Second Home

A home that is not the primary residence of the owner, a tenant, or any occupant at the time of the storm disaster or at the time of application for CDBG-DR assistance

Single Family

4 units or less

Substantial Damage

44 CFR 59.1

Substantial Improvement

44 CFR 59.1

Underserved Communities

Populations sharing a particular characteristic, as well as geographic communities, that have been systematically denied a full opportunity to participate in aspects of economic, social, and civic life. Underserved communities that were economically distressed before the disaster includes, but are not limited to, those areas that were designated as a promise zone, opportunity zone, a neighborhood revitalization strategy area, a tribal area, or those areas that meet at least one of the distress criteria established for the designation of an investment area of community development financial institution at 12 CFR 1805.201(b)(3)(ii)(d)

Vulnerable Populations

A group or community whose circumstances present barriers to obtaining or understanding information or accessing resources

A Guide on How CDBG-DR Grantees Can Meet the Requirements of the Consolidated Notice